2Minute GMAT

Guide To The New GMAT

Looking to attend an MBA program? Want to read the most up to date information on the new GMAT test? The Guide To The New GMAT provides the comprehensive information you need to get the GMAT score you have been looking for.

Overview Of The GMAT
GMAT Changes 2012
What Will Remain The Same
Sample New GMAT Questions
Opinions About The New GMAT
FAQ
Resources

2minuteGMAT will be updating its 3 month program to include next generation GMAT questions. This document will be continually updated with more information about the new GMAT test.

Overview Of The GMAT

The GMAT is by far the most influential standardized test for admission into business school. Business school applicants, recruiters, and admission committees recognize the importance of this exam. The new GMAT test, which was launched in June of 2012, will influence the way test takers prepare, and is the reason there is heightened anxiety among business school applicants.

If you are planning on taking the GMAT in the near future, you should pay close attention to the elements that will change on the test. It is important to understand the new Integrated Reasoning section, as well as the abilities and competences this section is trying to measure. Also, test takers should be aware of the resources available to prepare for this new section.

If you are not familiar with the GMAT and the way in which the exam is delivered, take into consideration the following aspects:

– The exam is a computerized test which is delivered on different time slots online.
– The test is offered year round and has a cost of US $250.
– In order to take the exam, you should first register online at MBA.com and/or contact a GMAT customer Service representative to clarify any doubts you might have.
– The exam has four different sections: the Analytical Writing Assignment (AWA), Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative and Verbal sections.
-Your preparation for this exam is crucial if you would like to perform well. This is the reason we have taken the time to create this GMAT resource for you.

New GMAT Format

GMAT Changes 2012

Let’s first take a look at the changes the GMAT exam will have and the different factors test takers should consider before taking the test.

Due to the new challenges the business world has and the complexity in current decision making, the Graduate Management Admissions Council (GMAC), which runs the GMAT, has been working for the past 5 years on a section which embodies what really happens in business school classrooms. This new section is called the Integrated Reasoning section and it consists of four different types of questions, asking test takers to analyze and synthesize data and information presented in different formats and from various sources. Here are 10 specific and unique characteristics of this new section:

1. The New Integrated Reasoning section will replace the AWA Analysis of an issue section.

2. The section contains 12 different questions.

3. Multiple responses are required in almost every question format presented. The reason for this is that each question is crafted to measure your ability to integrate different types of data in order to solve complex issues.

4. It is important to answer all parts of a question, since there is no partial credit granted.

5. Data will be presented in four different formats: Graphics interpretation, Two-Part analysis, Table Analysis, and Multi-Source Reasoning.

6. The information presented in text format will not surpass 300 words.

7. The possible answers do not provide any clues that would help you respond correctly.

8. The possible answers for each question will be presented to you on the same screen. In order to move on you must answer all parts of the question on the screen. Once you answer a question you may not return to change your answer.

9. Several Multi-Source Reasoning questions can be answered using one single data set. However, these questions will be independent from one another and their grading is also separate.

10. The Integrated Reasoning section will be graded separately on a scale from 1 to 8.

What Will Remain The Same

As a GMAT exam taker, you should not only consider the new parts of the test, but also the parts that will remain the same. In fact, those who have been preparing for the old GMAT should not be discouraged. The only new section of the test will be the Integrated Reasoning section. Consequently, all the preparation you have had on the old GMAT is still relevant.

The three old sections included in the GMAT will still be there, with a slight change. The Analytical Writing Assessment Section, which used to be divided into two 30 minutes parts, will now consist of one 30 minute part, and the Integrated Reasoning section will take the space that the second writing part used to have. Furthermore, since the new section will be graded separately, the final overall score will still be the same traditional GMAT score. This does not mean that the Integrated Reasoning section score is not important. Business schools and recruiters will be paying close attention to this score, and will be impressed if you have a high one. In contrast, a low score on this section will not impress your recruiters.

Summarizing, there is little that will change in the new GMAT test. The verbal and quantitative sections will remain the same, while the Analytical Writing Assessment section will be reduced to a 30 minute task. The overall structure of the GMAT will not drastically change. The Analytical Writing Assessment section will still be the first section (30 Minutes), followed by the Integrated Reasoning section (30 Minutes), and then the Quantitative and Verbal sections (75 Minutes each). Takers should be aware of the challenge the new section presents and the benefits that a good performance can have on an application.

Guide To The New GMAT

Sample New GMAT Questions

On the new GMAT test, questions will be presented in four different formats: Graphics Interpretation, Two-Part Analysis, Multi-Source Reasoning, and Table Analysis.

Graphics Interpretation

These type of questions ask the test takers to analyse an image or a graph and to answer certain statements with option from drop-down box. (The example given below does not use the drop-down menus used in the official exam)

Example:

GMAT Graphic Interpretation Sample Question

The graph at the left is a scatter plot with 35 points, each representing the population of a city and the number of auto thefts in that city, per person, per year. All 35 measurements were made in the year 2010, counting the number of auto thefts during the year and the number of residents in each city as of January 1, 2010. The dashed line runs through points (0,0) and (35,1200).

Choose a, b or c to fill in the blanks in each of the following statements based on the information given by the graph.

1. The number of cities that had at least 20 auto thefts per 1,000 is closest to ____ of the total cities measured.

a. 16%

b. 33%

c. 50%

2. Every city with a population of no more than 600,000 had no more than ____ auto thefts per 1,000 people.

a. 10

b. 20

c. 30

3. There is a _________ relationship between a city’s population and its number of auto thefts per 1,000 people.

a. Positive

b. Negative

c. Equivalent

Two-Part Analysis

Two-part analysis problems require the taker to consider two different components in an answer. The test taker has to determine which is the correct combination of options. All given option should be considered.

Example:

Workers in an office are placed into three groups, each containing 20 workers. All workers are in at least one group. Any two groups have exactly 10 members in common.

In the table below, identify two numbers from the list of possible answers that are jointly consistent with the given information: in the first column, mark the row that indicates the total number of workers in the office; in the second column, mark the row that indicates the number of workers who are members of all three groups. Make only two selections, one in each column.

Total Workers | Workers in All Three | Possible Answers


__________|_________________|________4

__________|_________________|________8

__________|_________________|________10

__________|_________________|________18

__________|_________________|________34

__________|_________________|________45

Multi-Source Reasoning

The Multi-source reasoning problems can come in tabs with e-mails or information, and tables and/or graphs. The test taker has to used the given information to give solution to the stated problems.

Example:

Based on the following sources answer questions 1 – 4

Table 1

GMAT Multi-Source Question

Table 2

GMAT Multi-Source Question

Graph 1

GMAT Multi-Source Question

Exports to China

In 2009, China was the biggest export market for several countries on many continents. Among these countries, Australia sent 21.8 percent, Brazil sent 12.5 percent, Japan sent 18.9 percent and South Africa sent 10.3 percent of its exports to China. Tables 1 and 2 provide another, perhaps more revealing measure of the impact of economic exports to China: the value of exports relative to the Gross Domestic Product (G.D.P.) for many of China’s major trading partners, including the European Union (E.U.), in 2009.

1. Based on the information provided, which one of the following quantities is closest to the total value, in 2009 U.S. dollars, of Australia’s and Brazil’s 2009 exports to China?

a. $19 billion

b. $31 billion

c. $34 billion

d. $53 billion

e. $64 billion

2. Based on the information provided, which one of the following quantities is closest to the total value, in 2009 U.S. dollars, of Japan’s 2009 exports to all countries?

a. $215 billion

b. $320 billion

c. $450 billion

d. $590 billion

e. $640 billion

3. For each of the following countries or regions, determine whether its 2009 exports to China can be shown, based on the given information, to have exceeded $100 billion in 2009 U.S. dollars. Indicate Yes if the exports can be shown to exceed that value. Otherwise indicate No.

____ European Union

____ Japan

____ Nigeria

____ Taiwan

4. Examine each of the following statements and indicate Yes if the statement can be inferred from the information provided. Otherwise indicate No. All amounts are measured in 2009 U.S. dollars.

____ India’s exports to China exceeded Russia’s exports to China.

____ The amount of exports to China from all the countries of South America combined exceeded $10 billion.

____ Australia’s exports to China accounted for more than one-fifth of Australia’s total exports.

____ South Korea’s exports to China exceeded Malaysia’s exports     to China.

Table Analysis (Sorting Tables)

This section evaluates the takers ability to use the functionality of a table to analyse the information presented. The test taker can sort the table by different categories, and then the taker should determine the accuracy of certain statements (Example).

GMAT Table Analysis

Opinions About The New GMAT

It is true that the new Generation GMAT is generating uneasiness. Those directly affected by the test have already expressed their opinions. If you are taking the test, we advise you to consider the opinions of those who have expectations on the new section’s results.

Individuals in business, for instance, understand what the general aim of this section will be. Intel Corp.’s Finance Controller, Melissa Evers-Hood, thinks that ¨the fundamentals of our business is that our data is exploding, and that the ways in which we manage data within our businesses are becoming more and more complex, we need to be agile, and adaptive, understand what´s coming on our doors with respect to data, and then be able to respond as quick as possible.” Similarly, recruiters are very excited. In fact, on a survey designed by GMAC, 97% of recruiters considered Integrated Reasoning skills to be important for career success.

As an example, Tsinghua’s University International MBA Associate Director, Jia Ma, explains that when companies visit their campus, they look for the set of skills that the new Integrated Reasoning is trying to measure. This opinion reflects the overall importance admission committees will be giving to the New GMAT.

Test takers have also expressed their concerns. Future MBA candidate John thinks that “the planned changes may create extra study time for students, because they have to learn a new section. However, I think in the long run it makes sense to have an audio/data analysis section. [Currently] having an hour long writing section is a little overkill.” Additionally, Sangeeta a current employee planning on taking the GMAT for a second time, thinks that “Unlike college students, more people with jobs take the GMAT test, so one extra section will be a big burden on them,”.

Taking this into account, we suggest you take the section seriously, but also to remain calm. We have at the bottom of this guide a number of resources that can be of help in your preparation. Remember that you are not the only one feeling anxiety, and that surely after the first question on the actual exam, all of your nervousness will disappear.

New GMAT

FAQ

A. Will all of my prior studying go to waste?

No. Because there is only one section of the test that is changing, most of your current studying will still be relevant. The new section will only require you to focus some extra time on that section, which in the long run is a beneficial step for business school.

B. What is the main difference between the new GMAT test and the older version?

The overall structure of the GMAT will not drastically change.  The verbal and quantitative sections will remain the same, while the Analytical Writing Assessment section will be reduced to a one 30 minute task.  The only change will be the addition of the Integrated Reasoning section after the AWA task. Therefore, the Analytical Writing Assessment section will still be the first section (30 Minutes), followed by the Integrated Reasoning section (30 Minutes), and then the Quantitative and Verbal sections (75 Minutes each).

C. Will anything be removed from the existing test?

Yes, the Analytical Writing Assessment section will be reduced to a one 30 minute task. One of the AWA tasks will be replaced by the Integrated reasoning section (30 Minutes).

D. How long will the new test be?

The entire test will be 2 hours 30 minutes. The Analytical Writing Assessment section will still be the first section (as opposed to having two writing tasks, this section will contain one, 30 Minutes), followed by the Integrated Reasoning section (30 Minutes), and then the Quantitative and Verbal sections (75 Minutes each).

E. Will the GMAT still be looked at the same way by recruiters?

Yes, and in fact recruiters are very excited. On a survey designed by GMAC, 97% of recruiters considered Integrated Reasoning skills to be important for career success. Therefore, the new GMAT format will be carefully observed by recruiters and admission teams.

F. How will the new section be graded?

The Integrated Reasoning section will be graded separately in a scale from 1 to 8.  It is important to answer all parts of each question, because there is no partial credit granted.

G. Why is the New Integrated Reasoning Section being added to the New Generation GMAT?

Due to the new challenges the business world has and the complexity of current decision making, the Graduate Management Admissions Council (GMAC), which runs the GMAT, has been working for the past 5 years on a section which can embody what really happens in business school classrooms.

H. If I didn’t take the New-Generation GMAT, do I have to retake the test with the new changes?

No, your GMAT score is valid for five years. Although it would be interesting for admission teams to see your Integrated Reasoning score, the old version of the GMAT is sufficient.

I. How would my Integrated Reasoning score affect my admission opportunities?

Business schools and recruiters will be paying close attention to this score, and will be impressed if you have a high one. In contrast, a low score on this section will not impress your recruiters. However, take into consideration that the new section is not only new to you, but also to admission officers, which implies that it will take some time before they start heavily relying on the Integrated Reasoning score in their admission process.

J. Do I have to be an expert on graph analysis and excel spreadsheets to do well on the Integrated Reasoning section?

Not at all. In fact, the tables and graphs presented in the Integrated Reasoning section are very simple, and they only attempt to make your analysis for every question easier. Furthermore, GMAC is not looking at your ability to manipulate numbers in Excel, but instead wants to measure your ability to use the available information to provide a solution to a problem in a business context.

K. How should I prepare for the Integrated Reasoning section?

For those who have been preparing for the GMAT test, you might be surprised to find out that all the work you have already been doing will help you on the new section of the GMAT. As its name indicates, the new Integrated Reasoning section of the GMAT integrates a wide range of skills to measure a test taker’s ability to solve problems. The different types of questions evaluate the way a test taker pulls information from quantitative and qualitative sources. Therefore, all your preparation on the Quantitative and Verbal Sections of the GMAT is important for this new section. Additionally, it is important for you to become familiar with the different question formats that will be presented on the exam.

Resources

If you are looking for resources to prepare for the GMAT test, we recommend you look at the available material from GMAC. They offer the Official Guide for GMAT Review, 13th edition, for $42,95 or 22 pounds,  which comes with 205 new questions: 85 Quantitative, 75 Verbal and 50 Integrated Reasoning Questions. This also includes the Online Integrated Reasoning Section, which includes explanations on how the section works, how it will be graded, and additional resources for practicing.

Additionally, the GMAT prep software provided is a great option to help you keep track of your skills and your growth. This resource features 30 Quantitative, 45 Verbal, and 15 Integrated Reasoning questions, as well as new tools to help you create your own practice question set. The software also allows you to take 2 full-length practice Next Generation GMAT tests with detailed results. If the 90 practice questions that come with the package are not enough, the system allows you to purchase additional questions sets.

The following websites also provide resources and advice for the new GMAT test:

1. http://www.mba.com/the-gmat/nex-gen.aspx
2. http://www.topmba.com/articles/admissions/mixed-opinions-new-gmat-section
3. http://www.newgmat.org/gmatchanges/http://www.newgmat.org/gmatchanges/
4. http://www.veritasprep.com/gmat/integrated-reasoning-sample-questions/
5. http://www.gmac.com/gmat/next-generation-gmat-information-center.aspx
6. http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/Next-generation-gmat-t15127.html
7. http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-next-generation-gmat-gmat-integrated-reasoning-130224-20.html
8. http://testprep.about.com/od/thegmat/a/Next_Gen_GMAT.htm
9. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/07/24/education/edlife/edl-24quiz-t.html?_r=1&ref=edlife